MySQL – databases

I will show how to install MySQL server as well as client and how to interact with databases with respective MySQL queries. I worked with debian, hence anyone who reads this blog with debian machine can make use of it effectively.


To install MySQL server, and give a password for further usage

$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server

and its client

$ sudo apt-get install mysql-client

To ensure working of MySQL server is done by,

$ ps -ef | grep mysql

if you get something as below, it is ok to proceed further

root 9646 1 0 12:32 ? 00:00:00 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe
mysql 9758 9646 3 12:32 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/mysqld –basedir=/usr –datadir=/var/lib/mysql –user=mysql –pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/ –socket=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock –port=3306
root 9759 9646 0 12:32 ? 00:00:00 logger -t mysqld -p daemon.error
cot 9885 4504 0 12:32 pts/1 00:00:00 grep mysql

Checking version

$ mysqladmin --version

To log into MySQL monitor to work with databases

$ mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 46
Server version: 5.1.49-1 (Debian)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.


Hence we are now inside, remember to give same password which you gave during server installation.

MySQL Queries

Database creation,

$ mysqladmin -u root -p create DUMMY_DATABASE;

Selecting database

mysql> use DUMMY_DATABASE;

Table Creation,

mysql> create table audhil_table(sl_no INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (sl_no));

Populating table,

mysql> insert into audhil_table (sl_no,name) values (1,"Mohammed Audhil");

. . . .

Atlast my table,

mysql> select * from audhil_table;
| sl_no | name|
| 1 | Mohammed Audhil |
| 2 | Mohammed Afsar |
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Ctrl + D

mysql> Bye 



Need to change password of your database

1) Remove existing setup

$ sudo apt-get --purge remove mysql-server mysql-common mysql-client

2)  Install it again

$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-common mysql-client

When prompted for password give new password of your own. Use the same for further activities with MySQL databases.

This may help somebody…